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11th Class Chapter No 7 - World War I in History for ISC

  • First World War began in July, 1914 and lasted until November 1918.
  • The two opposing alliances were – Allied Powers (Russia, England, France, Belgium and Serbia) and Central Powers (Germany, Austria, Hungary, Turkey and Bulgaria).
  • USA, Italy, Romania and Greece joined the Allied Powers in course of the war.
  • On the Western Front, Germany was following the Schlieffen Plan intended to swiftly capture Belgium for ports and then Paris to defeat France using the German army.
  • The Battle of Marne halted German advances on Paris and pushed the Germans back to River Aisne.
  • The British launched the Battle of Somme to relieve pressure on the French at Verdun.
  • David Llyod George succeeded Asquith as the British Prime Minister and centralised the British war efforts by setting up a war cabinet.
  • His war effort paid off as the British managed to seize Vimy Ridge near Arras.
  • England also suffered heavy losses at the Battle of Passchendaele.
  • The war on Eastern Front began with Russian invasion of East Prussia and Austria.
  • The Germans defeated the Russians twice at the Battle Tannenburg and Masurian Lake in 1914.
  • The outbreak of Bolshevik Revolution in Russia in 1917 took the Russians out of the First World War.
  • The new government under Lenin made peace with Germany by signing the Treaty of Brest Litovsk in 1918.
  • In the South East Front, the Central Powers were dealing with countries like Italy, Serbia, Greece and Romania.
  • United States was following the Monroe Doctrine of 1823 when the First World War began.
  • The sinking of Lusitania caused much international tension and was one of the reasons for the United States to join the war.
  • German army had run short of food and fuel due to the effective Allied blockade at the sea.
  • German submarines failed to have much effect on convoys protected by British and American destroyers.
  • Germany was let down by her allies.
  • Entry of USA also changed the course of war.

 

Posted in 11th on July 23 2020 at 05:54 PM

ISC 11th CLASS History OTHER CHAPTERS

  • 11th-class History Chapter 10

    Mussolini was originator of Fascism. Growth of Fascism started after National Fascist Party...
  • 11th-class History Chapter 9

    The Bolshevik Revolution of 1917   The Czarist government which prevailed in Russia before...
  • 11th-class History Chapter 8

    One of the challenges faced by American economy was the Great Depression of 1929. American...
  • 11th-class History Chapter 6

    Industrial Revolution gave birth to new ideologies Socialism. Socialists tried to remove...
  • 11th-class History Chapter 5

    Mahatma Gandhi’s early life spent at Porbandar. Gandhi was thrown out of the train at...
  • 11th-class History Chapter 4

    There was a wide demand of indigo in Europe. The British oppressed indigo plantation in...
  • 11th-class History Chapter 3

    In the history of modern India, socio-religious reform movements occupy a significant...
  • 11th-class History Chapter 2

    Development of Modern Industries   British-owned industries helped industrialisation of...
  • 11th-class History Chapter 1

    Revolutionary Nationalism Radicals developed the idea of ‘Passive Resistance’ as the only...

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