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11th Class Chapter No 1 - Growth of Nationalism in History for ISC

Revolutionary Nationalism

  • Radicals developed the idea of ‘Passive Resistance’ as the only effective means to wrest India from British rule.
  • Radical movement had failed in the absence of leadership.
  • That was why some of youths adopted the path of revolutionary and terrorist activities.
  • Revolutionary Dispositions led to the development of secret revolutionary societies.
  • Anushilan Samiti, was founded by Pulin Das.
  • A revolutionary group ‘Jugantar’ was formed by Barindra Nath and Bhupendra Nath Datta.
  • Ajit Singh, Lala Hardayal, Amba Prasad and Lala Lajpat Rai were among the notable revolutionaries.
  • Abhinava Bharat was an important revolutionary association in Maharashtra, organized by V. D. Savarkar.
  • Savarkar and Lala Hardayal set up ‘The Free India Society’, an association in London.
  • Madanlal Dhingra was tried and hanged in 1909, for killing Mr. Wyllie, an official of the India office in London.
  • The growth of revolutionary activities disturbed the British authority in India.
  • Revolutionary activities could not challenge the British authority absolutely.


Swadeshi Movement

  • In 1894, there was change of guard in England with the defeat of the Liberal party in the election.
  • Political changes in England undermined the previous concessions and the emergence of nationalism in India.
  • This was a period of heightened-feeling of Indian Nationalism with the formation of the Indian National Congress.
  • In order to suppress the revolutionary trend in Indian nationalism, Lord Curzon was appointed as Viceroy in 1899.
  • Curzon’s policies included Calcutta Corporation Act (1899), Universities Act (1904), Police and Military Reforms and Preservation of Archaeological objects....
  • The Partition of Bengal (1905) was Curzon’s another step to curb the spread of radical nationalism in India, especially in Bengal. Curzon justified the partition citing the administrative cause or convenience.
  • Nationalism in Bengal was the real reason behind the partition of Bengal.
  • Curzon wanted to make Dacca, a Muslim dominant city in East Bengal province as a parallel political centre.
  • Religious issue was also one of the causes for the partition of Bengal.
  • The Swadeshi movement could not unify the divided Bengal.
  • The importance of Swadeshi movement in the history of the freedom movement of India can in no way be denied.
  • The Swadeshi movement was a united movement of the Indians.
  • The manner in which the movement integrated the people of India had never been seen before.
  • The Split in Surat Congress in 1907 greatly weakened the movement from inside.
  • The Movement was mainly confined to the middle class people.
Posted in 11th on July 23 2020 at 04:53 PM


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