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Other Chapters For 11th

  • 11th-class English Chapter 10

    Just when Mr. Durrell was entertaining the idea of exploring animal conservation, he got a...
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    The story begins with the description of a down-to-earth boot shop, belonging to the Gessler...
  • 11th-class English Chapter 4

    The narrator, Shankar and his friend Jayanto get away from their busy schedules to spend a...
  • 11th-class English Chapter 3

    A young and carefree Salvatore, who spent his days swimming in the sea, climbing rocks, and...
  • 11th-class English Chapter 2

    The Gift of India is a poem written in 1915 by the Indian poet, freedom fighter and politician...
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11th Class Chapter No 3 - Economic , Social and Cultural Impact of British Rule in History for ISC

  • In the history of modern India, socio-religious reform movements occupy a significant place.
  • One of the major social reforms was the complete abolition of Sati even some Muslim rulers like Muhammad Bin Tughluq, Akbar and Jehangir also tried to check the practice of Sati.
  • During 1772, there was a plea to ban the practice of Sati to the government.
  • Mritunjoy Vidyalankar anticipated most of the arguments, later advanced by Raja Rammohan Roy; views were countered by Kasinath Tarkavagish.
  • Sambad Kaumudi, Samachar Darpan, Friend of India supported the anti- Sati campaign.
  • In 1829, Sati...
  • During the 19th century, Raja Rajballabh of Dacca tried to introduce widow remarriage in Hindu society but opposed by Raja Krishna Chandra of Nadia.
  • Pandit Iswarchandra Vidyasagar took up the cause and succeeded in 1856.  
  • He was entirely against early marriage, backed widow remarriage.
  • On July 26, the Act of XV of 1856 was passed legalizing widow remarriage.
  • Widow Remarriage was propagated in Punjab by The Arya Samaj, in Western India by Vishnu Parshuram Pandit and Govind Ranade.
  • In Odisha (Orissa) and Eastern Bengal, child offerings were made to Goddess Ganga by childless couples.
  • Female infants were primarily killed by the Rajputs such as Chauhans, Surajbansis and Bhaduriyas to avoid dowry in marriages. 
  • Problem grasped the attention of the British; the Female Infanticide Act was passed in 1870.
  • In spite of all opposition, British with the help of Behramji Merwanji Malabari passed the Age of Consent Bill in 1891, raised the age of consent from 10 to 12.

 

Reform Movements

  • Social reformers like Raja Ram Mohan, Dayanand Saraswati and Vivekananda were responsible for the social and cultural awakening in India.
  • Ram Mohan Roy established the Brahmo Samaj at Calcutta in 1828 to purify Hinduism and to preach monotheism.
  • He published Brahmonical Magazine in English, Sambad Kaumudi in Bengali and Mirat-ul-Akbar in Persian.
  • In collaboration with David Hare, he set up the Hindu College at Calcutta.
  • He urged Lord William Bentinck to abolish the practice of Sati legally.
  • He established the Atmiya Sabha (Society of Friends) and it was developed into Brahmo Sabh...
  • Debendranath Tagore renamed the Amitya Sabha as Brahmo Samaj.
  • He intensified reformist ideal by founding the Tatta Bodhini Sabha and Tatta Bodhini Patrika to spread Brahmo Samaj ideas.
  • Keshab Chandra Sen joined the Brahmo Samaj in 1858 and became its Acharya or main preacher.
  • He was the Editor of the famous English journal, the Indian Mirror.
  • Adi Brahmo Samaj upheld pure Upanishadic ideals. Keshab Chandra Sen formed the Sadharan Brahmo Samaj.
  • Arya Samaj was started by Dayanand Saraswati in Bombay in 1875.
  • Dayanand wrote the book Satyartha Prakash which contains his ideas.
  • His motto was “Back to the Vedas”.
  • He was against idol worship, child marriage and caste system based on birth.
  • He encouraged intercaste marriages and widow remarriage.

 

Posted in 11th on July 23 2020 at 04:58 PM

ISC 11th CLASS History OTHER CHAPTERS

  • 11th-class History Chapter 10

    Mussolini was originator of Fascism. Growth of Fascism started after National Fascist Party...
  • 11th-class History Chapter 9

    The Bolshevik Revolution of 1917   The Czarist government which prevailed in Russia before...
  • 11th-class History Chapter 8

    One of the challenges faced by American economy was the Great Depression of 1929. American...
  • 11th-class History Chapter 7

    First World War began in July, 1914 and lasted until November 1918. The two opposing...
  • 11th-class History Chapter 6

    Industrial Revolution gave birth to new ideologies Socialism. Socialists tried to remove...
  • 11th-class History Chapter 5

    Mahatma Gandhi’s early life spent at Porbandar. Gandhi was thrown out of the train at...
  • 11th-class History Chapter 4

    There was a wide demand of indigo in Europe. The British oppressed indigo plantation in...
  • 11th-class History Chapter 2

    Development of Modern Industries   British-owned industries helped industrialisation of...
  • 11th-class History Chapter 1

    Revolutionary Nationalism Radicals developed the idea of ‘Passive Resistance’ as the only...

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