India and Pakistan became two independent countries of South Asia in 1947 whereas People’s Republic of China was formed in 1949. All the three countries initiated the five year plan pattern almost at the same time.
The economic system that prevailed in China was the communist system. The Government undertook large scale investment in physical and human capital for industrialisation. The Great Leap Forward (GLF) movement was initiated in China in 1958 to industrialise the country on massive scale and within a short period. For this people were encouraged to establish industries in their backyards.