- The sequence of events by which a cell duplicates its genome, synthesizes the other constituents of cells and eventually divides into two daughter cells is called cell cycle.
- DNA synthesis occurs in one specific stage of cell division but distribution of chromosome in cells occurs in complex series of events during cell division.
Phases of Cell cycle
Human cell divides once in approximately 24 hours, which may vary in different organisms. In yeasts it takes about 90 minutes to complete the cell division process.
Cell cycle is divided into two basic phases-
- Interphase– it is the phase between two successive M phases. Interphase lasts for 95% of a cell cycle. This phase is called as resting phase but during this period the cells prepare itself for nuclear division by cell growth.
- M Phase– when the actual cell division or mitosis occurs. It starts with karyokinesis (nuclear division) or duplication of chromosome and end with cytokinesis or division of cell matrix (cytoplasm division).The interphase is divided into three further phases