Other Chapters For 10th

  • 10th-class science Chapter 23

    Properties of Sulphuric Acid: Sulphuric Acid has molecular formula H2SO4and molecular mass...
  • 10th-class Science Chapter 38

    Population: Population is defined as a group of organisms of the same species living in one...
  • 10th-class Science Chapter 37

    There is a wide variety of health systems around the world, with as many histories...
  • 10th-class Science Chapter 35

    Gene: A gene is a region of DNA which is made up of nucleotides and is the molecular unit...
  • 10th-class Science Chapter 34

    Hormones are chemical messengers that are secreted by ductless glands or endocrine glands sent...
  • 10th-class Science Chapter 33

    Transpiration: Transpiration is the loss of water due to evaporation that occurs through...
  • 10th-class Science Chapter 31

    Photosynthesis: The process by which green plants are able to synthesize food from carbon...
  • 10th-class Science Chapter 29

    There are two types of reproduction systems in animals: Asexual reproduction: A type of...
  • 10th-class Science Chapter 28

    The cell is the fundamental and structural unit of life and cells are often called the...
  • 10th-class Science Chapter 27

    The nervous system controls and coordinates all activities of the body. Here are some...

10th Class Chapter No 3 - Universal Declaration of Human Rights in civics for ICSE

Human Rights

Human rights are the basic rights, to which every single individual is entitled. Human rights are Universal in nature. e.g., the Right to Freedom, the Right to Equality, the Right to Education etc. 10th December, every year, is celebrated as the Human Rights Day.

Characteristics of Human Rights

The main characteristics of Human Rights are as follows:

  1. Human rights cannot be taken away. However, some special situations demand the alienation of human rights.
  2. Human rights are inter-linked and cannot be divided. This inter-linkage is assured by the Vienna Declaration and the Programme of Action (1993).
  3. Human rights are totally equal and non-discriminatory in nature, which means that every individual is equally entitled to them without any discrimination on the basis of sex, race, religion, colour, caste, community and economic status.
  4. Human rights entail some obligations as well as  the States assume obligations and duties under International law to respect, protect and to fulfill human rights.


Universal Declaration of Human Rights

The UN established the Commission on Human Rights in 1946. The main objective of the organisation is ‘to reaffirm faith in fundamental human rights’. The General Assembly adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) on 10th December, 1948 in Paris. It has 30 Articles. These rights guarantee everyone, the right to live a decent life.

The Covenants (International Bill of Human Rights)

  1. The International Covenant on Civil and Political rights.
  2. The International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural rights.


Categories of Human Rights

Both Civil and Political rights and Economic, Social and Cultural rights are included in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR). These are categorised as follows:

1. Civil Rights

The main civil rights are as follows:

  1. Right to Life, Liberty and Security of person.
  2. Equality before law.
  3. Right to recognition before the law.
  4. Freedom of movement and residence within the borders of a particular state.
  5. Freedom of thought, conscience and religion.


2. Political Rights

The main political rights are as follows:

  1. Right to take part in the government of one’s country.
  2. Equality in accessing public services.
  3. Right to elect the government of one’s own choice.
  4. Right to a Nationality.

3. Economic Rights

The main economic rights are as follows:

  1. Right to own property.
  2. Right to social security.
  3. Right to work and to be protected against unemployment.
  4. Equal pay for equal work.
  5. To form and join Trade Unions.
  6. To a standard of living.


4. Social Rights

The main social rights are as follows:

  1. Right to marry and to form a family.
  2. To have full protection for the family.
  3. To have special care and assistance for the mother and child.
  4. Right to Education.


5. Cultural Rights

The main cultural rights are as follows:

  1. To freely participate in the cultural life.
  2. Protection of moral and material interests.
  3. To form any scientific, literacy or artistic production.
Posted in 10th on July 17 2020 at 12:58 PM


  • 10th-class civics Chapter 7

    The Constitution of India provides for a Council of Ministers, with the Prime Minister as its...
  • 10th-class civics Chapter 9

    The High Court The Constitution of India provides a High Court for each state. At present...
  • 10th-class civics Chapter 4

    The concept of Non-Aligned Movement came into existence during the Cold War period, when Asia...
  • 10th-class civics Chapter 2

    World Health Organisation (WHO) It is the specialised agency for health establishment on...
  • 10th-class civics Chapter 1

    United Nations Organisation (UNO) Destructive and horrifying experiences of the two World...
  • 10th-class Civics Chapter 8

    Supreme Court History The Federal Court of India was created as per Government of India Act...
  • 10th-class Civics Chapter 6

    The President is elected by members of an electoral college consisting of elected members of...
  • 10th-class Civics Chapter 5

    Legislature of the Union, which is called Parliament, consists of the President and two Houses,...

Comments (0)

No login