Why do we need elections? Through elections: Voters can choose the people who would make law for them. Voters can choose the people who would form government and take major decisions for them. Voters can choose the political party which would guide the government and law making. Features of a democratic election: Every adult citizen should be able to choose. This means that every adult citizen should have one vote and each vote shall carry equal weight. Elections should offer choices to the people. There should be various political parties and candidates to choose from. The choice of selecting the rulers should be offered at regular intervals. In India, elections are normally held after every five years. The most preferred candidate should get elected. In India, we follow the first past the post system, i.e. the candidate who secures the maximum number of valid votes is declared a winner. Elections should be held in free and fair manner and people should be in a position to cast their votes without fear or favour.