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8th Class Chapter No 9 - Women, Caste and Reform in History for CBSE NCERT

Two hundred years ago, the situation of women was altogether different compared to in the modern times. The practice of child marriage was rampant. Both Hindu and Muslim men could marry more than one wife. Burning of a widow on her husband's pyre was a gory practice in many parts of India. This was called the sati system. A widow who died in this manner was praised as a woman of high virtues. Women did not have the right to property. Most of the women had no access to education. Status of Shudras: People were divided along the caste lines. Brahmans and Kshatriyas were considered as the upper castes. Traders and moneylenders were placed after them. Peasants and artisans came at the third level. People who did the so called "dirty" jobs were called the shudras. People at the bottom of this hierarchy were treated as "untouchable". They could not enter temples, nor take water from wells (used by upper castes), bathe in ponds which were meant for the upper castes.
Posted in 8th on February 13 2019 at 03:29 PM

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