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8th Class Chapter No 5 - When People Rebel: 1857 and After in History for CBSE NCERT

Policies And People: · The policies enforced y the EIC had different effects on different people of the society. · Kings, queens, peasants, landlords, tribals and soldiers were affected. · People also resisted the policies as they were against their interests and violated their sentiments and beliefs. Nawabs: · Mid 18th century · Nawabs had to pay heavy taxes and their power eroded · They lost authority and honour · Freedom reducing · Residents were placed in courts and the subsidiary alliance was enforced · Army was disbanded · Revenue and territories taken away in stages. · Ruling families tried to negotiate (a) Rani Laxmibai wanted the EIC to recognize her adopted son as the heir to the throne. (b) Nana Saheb was the adopted son of Peshwa Baji Rao II and he pleaded that he be given his father's pension when he died. Peasants And Sepoys: · Peasants had to pay high taxes which they resented. · They did not like the rigid and strict methods of tax collection. · Gradually they failed to pay moneylenders · Land was evicted from them which had been in their family for generations. · Sepoys were unhappy over their pays and allowances and also in the condition which they had to live and also over the bad services. · New rule violated their religious beliefs. · Crossing the seas and polluting religion · Cartridges rumored to be greased with pig and cow fat. · Travel made mandatory for soldiers · Most soldiers had lands in Awadh.
Posted in 8th on February 13 2019 at 03:29 PM

Other History Chapters For 8th

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