The unitary method is a method in which you find the value of a unit and then the value of a required number of units. What can units and values be?
Suppose you go to the market to purchase 6 apples. The shopkeeper tells you that he is selling 10 apples for Rs 100. In this case, the apples are the units and the cost of the apples is the value. While solving a problem using the unitary method, it is important that you recognize the units and values.
For simplification, always write the things to be found on the right-hand side and things known on the left-hand side. In the above problem, we know the amount of the number of apples and the value of the apples is unknown. It should be noted that the concept of ratio and proportion is used for problems related to this method.
Example of Unitary Method
Consider another example, a car runs 150 km on 15 litres of fuel, how much kilometre will it run on 10 litres of fuel?
In the above question, try and identify units (known) and values (unknown).
Kilometre = Unknown (Right Hand Side)
No of litres of fuel = Known (Left Hand Side)
Now we will try and solve this problem.
15 litres = 150 km
1 litre = 150/15 = 10 km
10 litres = 10 x 10 = 100 km
The car will run 100 kilometres on 10 litres of fuel.